A case examine from Italy – Healthcare Economist

As people stay longer, governments and employers are contemplating rising the age at which people grow to be eligible for both public or non-public pensions (e.g., Social Safety). Why this fiscal impacts of adjusting the retirement age has been well-studied, the labor market and well being outcomes are much less well-known.

A paper by Serrano-Alarcón et al. (2023) examines the influence of pension reform in Italy. Italy has a public pension system that’s financed utilizing a (PAYGO) mechanism. Revenue substitute charges traditionally have been 77%. A 2012 pension reform elevated the retirement age, such that each one people had a statutory pension age of 67. This coverage result in a rise within the retirement age by 7 years (60–67) for ladies and a pair of years (65–67) for males.

The authors use knowledge from WHIP—Well being is predicated on the Work Histories Italian Panel (WHIP), a database of particular person work histories derived from a random pattern of people insured by the Italian social safety administration (INPS). The WHIP-Well being knowledge are then linked to knowledge on private and non-private hospital discharges from the Nationwide Archive of Hospital Discharges. The authors’ empirical technique compares neighboring cohorts who have been in another way affected by the reform as a result of improve within the statutory pension age (old-age pension). For example, “girls born in 1951 have been eligible for retirement below the statutory pension age in 2011 by the age of 60…[but] girls born in 1952 have been solely eligible for claiming a pension from 2015 on the earliest, when turning 63.”

Utilizing this strategy, the authors discover that:

Amongst girls solely, the reform additionally elevated sick depart and hospitalizations associated to psychological well being and accidents. These results have been pushed by girls with beforehand low well being standing, suggesting that undifferentiated and abrupt will increase in pension age may hurt extra susceptible employees. Coherently with the milder tightening of retirement age skilled by males, labor market responses have been smaller in dimension, and they didn’t endure any important well being results.

You’ll be able to learn the total paper right here.


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